It's a great columned courtyard, surrounding the viridarium (the garden) with natatio (pool), solarium, and a small forest in the middle of the peristyle that brings us the purest sense of the Roman garden.
This usually consisted of two areas: one in direct contact with the building. This small area belongs to the human domain and thereby the bushes are pruned and have statues and fountains.
Behind her, separated by a small fence of timber frame, starts garden and is the part where sought to imitate the lush nature.
Here aromatic plants, ornamental and fruit form a welter of colors and types. They are not left to their fate, but in this space, what was sought was to " bring" the forest to the home, imitating the nature.
A garden without water sources was inconceivable and the Romans created several types to meet three requirements:
The first is to create a fresh atmosphere. The second is music that produces water, and the third is is to attract birdsong. In most paintings of birds appear fountains and gardens, as they are an essential element in the beauty and richness of the garden.